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A simple and novel grading method for retraction and overshoot in Duane retraction syndrome
  1. Ramesh Kekunnaya1,
  2. Ruby Moharana1,
  3. Shailja Tibrewal2,
  4. Preeti-Patil Chhablani1,
  5. Virender Sachdeva3
  1. 1Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Services, Child Sight Institute, Jasti V Ramanamma Children's Eye Care Centre, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, L V Prasad Eye Institute, L V Prasad Marg, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  2. 2Dr Shroff Charitable Eye Hospital, New Delhi, India
  3. 3Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Services, Nimagadda Children's Eye Care Center, GMRV Campus, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Vizag, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ramesh Kekunnaya, Head, Child Sight Institute, Jasti V Ramanamma Children's Eye Care Centre, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, L V Prasad Eye Institute, L V Prasad Marg, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad-500034, Telangana, India; rameshak{at}lvpei.org

Abstract

Strabismus in Duane retraction syndrome is frequently associated with significant globe retraction and overshoots. However, there is no method to objectively grade retraction and overshoot. Our purpose is to describe a novel objective grading method. This novel and simple grading method has excellent agreement. It will help standardise measurements and guide the clinician in taking the decision for surgery and predicting its outcome.

  • Child health (paediatrics)
  • Muscles
  • Treatment other

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Footnotes

  • Contributors RK and ST: involved in the conception and design of the study; RM and ST: acquisition of data; RK, VS and P-PC: analysis and interpretation of data; RM, ST, VS, P-PC and RK, drafting the article and revising it; RK: final approval of the version.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Ethics Committee, LVPEI Hyderabad.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement Yes available with corresponding author.

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