Purpose To evaluate changes in subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and peripapillary choroidal thickness (PPCT) after acute intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation provoked by a dark room prone provocative test (DRPPT).
Methods The prospective cohort study included 114 eyes from 65 individuals who had an IOP elevation ≥2 mm Hg during the DRPPT. The participants stayed in a dark room for 2 h with the forehead placed on a desk. At baseline and within 5 min after the end of the DRPPT, tonometry and enhanced depth imaging by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were carried out.
Results During the DRPPT, IOP increased by 10.1±10.9 mm Hg, SFCT decreased significantly (p<0.001) from 280±80 µm to 267±76 µm and PPCT decreased significantly (p<0.001) from 177±74 to 169±70 µm. In multivariate analysis, a more marked SFCT thinning was associated with higher IOP increase (p<0.001) and shallower anterior chamber depth at baseline (p=0.01). In a similar manner, a higher PPCT change was correlated with a higher IOP increase (p<0.001), and a thicker choroidal thickness at baseline (p<0.001).
Conclusions Choroidal thickness in the subfoveal region and in the peripapillary region decreased parallel to an acute increase in IOP in individuals 2 h after a dark room test. Choroidal thickness depends on the actual IOP, which may be noted when choroidal thickness is measured.
- Intraocular pressure
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Contributors YXW: design, application and manuscript drafting; RJ: study application, measurement; XLR: study application; JDC: study application; HLS: image analysis; LX: design, patient collection; WBW: patient collection, statistics; JBJ: study design, manuscript drafting.
Funding This work was supported by (National Natural Science Foundation of China) grant number (81570835).
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval Ethical Review Committee of Beijing Tongren Hospital.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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