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Understanding the reasons for loss to follow-up in patients with glaucoma at a tertiary referral teaching hospital in Korea
  1. Young Kook Kim1,2,
  2. Jin Wook Jeoung1,2,
  3. Ki Ho Park1,2
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  2. 2Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ki Ho Park, Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Chongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Republic of Korea; kihopark{at}snu.ac.kr

Abstract

Background/aims To assess the reasons and factors for discontinuation of follow-up among patients with glaucoma at a tertiary referral teaching hospital in Seoul, Korea.

Methods We identified all adult patients with glaucoma (≥18 years), who had visited the glaucoma clinic of Seoul National University Hospital between April 2012 and March 2014 and had missed an appointment by at least 12 months. These patients were traced via cellular phone, and their true status and reasons for discontinuation of follow-up were documented.

Results A total of 6848 patients with glaucoma (3512 men and 3336 women) were considered. Among them, 247 (3.61%) had missed a scheduled appointment by 12 months or more. Among 230 (93.1%) who were successfully traced, 4 (1.7%) had died and 96 (41.7%) had self-transferred to another glaucoma clinic. Of the 130 patients left, 123 (94.6%) had treatment and follow-up interruptions, and 7 (5.4%) had been treated with alternative medicine. The two main reasons cited for treatment and follow-up interruptions were lack of understanding regarding the necessity of follow-up (46.3%) and unawareness of appointment schedule (30.9%). In stepwise linear regression analysis, older age (p=0.001. β=0.13), male gender (p=0.013, β=0.08) and lower baseline intraocular pressure (p=0.005, β=0.11) were independently associated with follow-up loss involving treatment interruptions.

Conclusions This study's results emphasise the need for ongoing educational support and improved appointment notification, especially for the elderly, men and patients with low baseline intraocular pressure.

  • Glaucoma
  • Public health

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Footnotes

  • Contributors All of the authors made substantial contributions to this paper. KHP designed the study, monitored the data collection and revised the paper. JWJ and YKK conducted the study, collected the data, wrote the statistical analysis plan and drafted and revised the paper.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study followed the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki, and was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Seoul National University Hospital.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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