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HLA antigens in ocular cicatricial pemphigoid.
  1. B. J. Mondino,
  2. S. I. Brown and
  3. B. S. Rabin

    Abstract

    HLA antigen frequencies were studied in 20 patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid and 245 normal persons. HLA-B12 demonstrated an increased frequency of 45% in patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid which was statistically significant when compared to a frequency of 19.6% in the general population (P less than 0.02). In patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid the prevalance of HLA-A3 was increased to 35% when compared to 22.9% in the general population, but this was not statistically significant. The frequency of finding either HLA-A3 or B12 in patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid was increased to 75% in comparison with 38.8% in the general population (P less than 0.005). The present study suggests that HLA-B12 and possibly HLA-A3 are genetic markers for ocular cicatricial pemphigoid.

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