Thirty cases of Minamata disease caused by methyl mercury poisoning with the lesion mainly at the occipital cortex were selected and their spatial contrast sensitivity of vision was examined by the Arden grating chart. At the same time their visual acuity, visual field, and visual evoked cortical potential (VECP) were also investigated. In all cases the results of the Arden test indicated abnormality. Poor results were obtained at higher frequencies of the gratings. VECP elicited by grating pattern reversal stimulus was undertaken in 12 cases out of the 30. The results revealed abnormality almost equal to that shown by the Arden test. Seven out of the 12 cases showed no VECP response. The other 5, giving a response, showed abnormality: when the size of the grating became smaller at higher frequencies, the VECP paused or was not recorded, whereas at low frequencies it was recorded. This finding was in good agreement or was not recorded, whereas at low frequencies it was recorded. This finding was in good agreement with the results of the Arden test. Visual acuity and visual field tests were less sensitive in detecting abnormality. The Arden chart is a sensitive clinical tool for patients with lesions at the cerebral cortex. Furthermore, the test can be used for screening patients who may have come in contrast with organic mercury.
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