The result of a 10-year longitudinal study of the fellow eye at risk of developing closed-angle glaucoma (because the presenting eye had the disease) is described. 202 eyes were observed between 1 August 1970 and 31 July 1980. Each eye was provoked shortly after presentation using a pilocarpine phenylephrine provocative test. If the test produced a closed-angle glaucoma an iridectomy was done; if closed-angle glaucoma did not occur the eye was observed and it was reprovoked at yearly intervals. There were 3 possible outcomes for any one eye. Either the eye developed closed-angle glaucoma; or it was lost to follow-up; or at the end of the study the patient was alive, under observation, without having developed glaucoma. 90% of acute attacks occurred within 6 months of presentation. If an eye survived the first year without getting glaucoma the probability of its development in any one year period up to the fifth anniversary was 0.05; thereafter it was zero. The cumulative probability of an eye surviving to the fifth anniversary without glaucoma was 0.34, remaining constant thereafter; that is 34% of iridectomies are unnecessary. A high prevalence of ocular hypertension was seen in eyes that did not have an iridectomy (26%). It was concluded that a routine iridectomy is not necessary and that the fellow eye that will get glaucoma can usually be detected. The untreated fellow eye presents a naturally occurring model of one of the mechanisms involved in the production of ocular hypertension.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.