K-Sol, a recently developed corneal storage medium that contains purified chondroitin sulphate in tissue culture medium (TC 199), is capable of preserving corneal tissue for 14 days at 4 degrees C. To study the effect of tissue storage in K-Sol at room temperature we preserved rabbit corneas in K-Sol and M-K medium for three or seven days at 25 degrees C. All of the corneal endothelial sheets were intact after three days. At seven days the change in pH of the K-Sol medium was less than that of M-K medium. Corneas preserved in M-K medium showed swelling of mitochondria and a decrease in the number of cytoplasmic organelles. Corneas preserved in K-Sol had organised cytoplasmic organelles and nuclei. Scanning electron micrographs revealed well preserved endothelial sheets. Corneas stored in the two media showed no significant difference in thickness. A pair of human corneas preserved in K-Sol at room temperature for six days maintained about 95% of the endothelial sheet in good condition. Small separations were observed between some of the endothelial cells. However, even in these areas, the cytoplasmic organelles were well preserved. It appeared that K-Sol is more stable than M-K medium at room temperature, and that both rabbit and human corneas can be preserved in good condition in K-Sol for at least six days at 25 degrees C.
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