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Detecting early glaucomatous field defects with the size I stimulus and Statpac.
  1. A. H. Zalta and
  2. J. C. Burchfield
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio.


    The influence of stimulus size and normal database on the detection of visual field defects in automated static threshold perimetry (Humphrey Field Analyzer) was investigated in 82 eyes having a diagnosis of normal, glaucoma suspect, or early glaucoma. Using a mathematically derived 'normal' database, which assumes constantly decreasing threshold sensitivities with increasing eccentricity, the size I stimulus showed significantly greater sensitivity than the size III stimulus for detecting small, shallow scotomata in the central visual field. The use of Statpac, which contains an empirically derived, age-related normal database, increased the sensitivity significantly over that of the size III stimulus (with its mathematical model), and to a degree similar to that of the size I stimulus. The results obtained with the size I stimulus were reproducible and independent of the patient's age. This study suggests a potential role for the size I stimulus in evaluating eyes having or at risk of developing early glaucomatous field loss.

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