The effect of segmental scleral buckling (SB) on ocular circulation was evaluated by measurements of the ocular pulse amplitude (PA) and the ophthalmic artery pressure (OAP). In this study the OAP was defined as the intraocular pressure (IOP) at which the PA disappeared during increasing IOP. Twenty four patients with unilateral rhegmatogenous retinal detachment who underwent SB of varying extent were studied; the unoperated fellow eyes served as controls. Both the OAP and the ophthalmic perfusion pressures (OAP minus IOP) decreased significantly (p < 0.01) as the area of SB treatment increased. Follow-up measurements showed that the OAP was relatively lower up to 3 months postoperatively than after 3 months, and then remained stable. Our results indicated that SB affects the ocular pulse measurements and may decrease ocular blood flow because of decreased ophthalmic perfusion pressure, probably due to increased choroidal vascular resistance, and that the greater the extent of the SB treatment, the greater the possibility of decreased ocular blood flow.