Few reports have described hyphema in association with anterior uveitis. Five cases of anterior chamber haemorrhage are reported in patients with five different anterior uveitic entities: Reiter's syndrome, juvenile chronic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, idiopathic anterior uveitis, and herpes simplex. Hyphema has been reported in association with idiopathic non-granulomatous anterior uveitis, but not with the other four entities. In three cases, iris rubeosis was present. In two cases the patients were taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. The hyphemas occurred at times of heightened inflammation and resolved spontaneously without complication in all but one case, a boy with idiopathic uveitis who required surgery to remove the blood. The clinical outcome of these cases provides evidence that conservative medical management is usually sufficient.
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