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Cystoid macular oedema after extracapsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation in diabetic patients without retinopathy.
  1. U Menchini,
  2. F Bandello,
  3. R Brancato,
  4. F I Camesasca and
  5. M Galdini
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Udine, Italy.

    Abstract

    Postoperative onset or aggravation of cystoid macular oedema (CMO) in diabetic patients after extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is a frequent problem. At present little is known about the occurrence and prognosis of this complication in diabetics with no clinically detectable diabetic retinopathy (DR). Twenty five diabetic eyes (24 subjects) without DR and 45 normal eyes (44 subjects) were studied before surgery and 30, 90, 180, 360 days after ECCE and posterior chamber IOL implantation. Fluorescein angiography was performed at each examination. The frequency of angiographic CMO in the two groups was comparable 30 days after surgery but was significantly higher in diabetic eyes at 90, 180, and 360 days. This finding is probably related to an impairment of the blood-retinal barrier in diabetics. Final visual acuity, however, was similar in the two groups.

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