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Br J Ophthalmol 82:1438-1440 doi:10.1136/bjo.82.12.1438
  • Original Article
    • Laboratory science

Ultrasound enhanced thrombolysis in experimental retinal vein occlusion in the rabbit

  1. Jörgen Larssona,
  2. Jonas Carlsonb,
  3. S Bertil Olssonb
  1. aDepartment of Ophthalmology, Lund University Hospital, Sweden, bDepartment of Cardiology, Lund University Hospital, Sweden
  1. Jörgen Larsson, Department of Ophthalmology, Lund University Hospital, 221 85 Lund Sweden.
  • Accepted 23 July 1998

Abstract

AIMS To investigate if it was possible to lower the dose of streptokinase and maintain an effective thrombolysis by adding pulsed low energy ultrasound.

Methods—53 retinal veins in 27 rabbits were occluded by rose bengal enhanced laser treatment. Six rabbits were treated with streptokinase (50 000 IU/kg), 10 rabbits were treated with a low dose of streptokinase (25 000 IU/kg), and 11 rabbits were treated with a low dose of streptokinase (25 000 IU/kg) and pulsed ultrasound during 1 hour. Fluorescein angiography was performed immediately before the thrombolytic treatment and after 12 hours.

RESULTS In the group treated with streptokinase (50 000 IU/kg) all vessels were open. In the group that was given streptokinase (25 000 IU/kg), 21% of the vessels were open. In the group that was treated with streptokinase (25 000 IU/kg) and ultrasound, 64% of the vessels were open. The difference between groups 2 and 3 is statistically significant (p= 0.011)

CONCLUSION Adding pulsed low energy ultrasound makes it possible to lower the dose of streptokinase while maintaining a good thrombolytic effect.

Footnotes