Homozygosity mapping and linkage analysis demonstrate that autosomal recessive congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED) and autosomal dominant CHED are genetically distinct
- Máire Callaghana,
- Collette K Handa,
- Susan M Kennedyb,
- J Susan FitzSimonc,
- Louis M T Collumc,
- Nollaig A Parfreya
- aDepartment of Pathology, University College Dublin and St Vincent’s Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, bDepartment of Pathology, Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, cDepartment of Ophthalmology, Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
- Professor N A Parfrey, UCD Department of Pathology, St Vincent’s Hospital, Dublin 4, Ireland.
- Accepted 30 July 1998
BACKGROUND Congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED) is a corneal dystrophy characterised by diffuse bilateral corneal clouding resulting in impaired vision. It is inherited in either an autosomal dominant (AD) or autosomal recessive (AR) manner. The AD form of CHED has been mapped to the pericentromeric region of chromosome 20. Another endothelial dystrophy, posterior polymorphous dystrophy (PPM), has been linked to a larger but overlapping region on chromosome 20. A large, Irish, consanguineous family with AR CHED was investigated to determine if there was linkage to this region.
METHODS The technique of linkage analysis with polymorphic microsatellite markers amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used. In addition, a DNA pooling approach to homozygosity mapping was employed to demonstrate the efficiency of this method.
RESULTS Conventional genetic analysis in addition to a pooled DNA strategy excludes linkage of AR CHED to the AD CHED and larger PPMD loci.
CONCLUSION This demonstrates that AR CHED is genetically distinct from AD CHED and PPMD.
- congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy
- homozygosity mapping
- posterior polymorphous dystrophy
- linkage analysis
M Callaghan and CK Hand together carried out all the laboratory studies.