Article Text

PDF

Indocyanine green angiography in choroidal tuberculomas
  1. DAN MILEA,
  2. CHRISTINE FARDEAU,
  3. LIVIA LUMBROSO
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  2. Department of Respiratory and Intensive Care Medecine, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  3. Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  1. THOMAS SIMILOWSKI
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  2. Department of Respiratory and Intensive Care Medecine, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  3. Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  1. PHUC LEHOANG
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  2. Department of Respiratory and Intensive Care Medecine, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  3. Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France
  1. Phuc Le Hoang, MD, Service d’Ophtalmologie, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47–83 Boulevard de l’Hôpital, 75651 Paris Cedex 13, France.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Editor,—An 85 year old white woman presented with progressive asthenia, fever, coughing, and dyspnoea. Chest roentgenogram showed interstitial pulmonary infiltrates and right pleural effusion. Cultures of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid subsequently confirmed the presence ofMycobacterium tuberculosis.

On admission, best corrected visual acuity was 20/400 in a right amblyopic eye and 20/50 in the left eye. Biomicroscopic examination revealed no sign of anterior or posterior inflammation. Multiple choroidal lesions (Fig 1) were present in both eyes. The choroidal lesions were deep, white-yellowish, with indistinct borders. Fluorescence angiography (FA) revealed early nodular hypofluorescence, and late moderate hyperfluorescence (Fig 2). Indocyanine green (ICG) angiography revealed prolonged hypofluorescence and in the late stage images, moderate delineation of the lesions by a peripheral hyperfluorescent ring (Fig 3).

Figure 1

Multiple choroidal granulomas in the left posterior pole.

Figure 2

(A) Early prolonged blockage and (B) late moderate hyperfluorescence of the choroidal lesions on fluorescein angiography.

Figure 3

ICG angiograms reveal early (A) and late (B) phase blockage by the choroidal granulomas.

COMMENT

Ocular tuberculosis may occur by haematogenic spread from a pulmonary focus. Choroidal tuberculomas are rare ophthalmic findings even in miliary tuberculosis.1 Previous reports indicate that these lesions have prolonged hypofluorescence in FA, and late mild hyperfluorescence.2 3

Only one description of ICG angiography in a case with presumed ocular tuberculosis has been reported previously in the literature.4 We found similar angiographic characteristics in our case, which represents, to our knowledge, the first ICG angiography description of multiple choroidal tuberculomas in microbiologically confirmed miliary tuberculosis. Hypofluorescence in ICG images may be due to a masking effect of the choroidal vessels by the overlying granulomas.

Ophthalmic examination may be contributive when disseminated tuberculosis is suspected. In this case ICG angiography, which was performed to assess the choroidal involvement, showed prolonged hypofluorescence.

References

View Abstract

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.