Distribution of the collagen IV isoforms in human Bruch’s membrane
- 1Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
- 2Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
- 3Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, Baltimore, MD, USA
- Correspondence to: James T Handa, MD, Michael B Panitch Macular Degeneration Laboratory; 3–109 Jefferson Street Building, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA;
- Accepted 22 August 2002
Aims: To determine the distribution of the α1 to α6 chains of type IV collagen in Bruch’s membrane of the human posterior pole.
Methods: Cryosections (10 μm) from 18 human eyes (20 months to 83 years old) were acid treated, blocked with 10% normal goat serum, incubated for 1 hour with monoclonal antibodies against type IV collagen isoform specific peptides at 1:75 dilution, and visualised with an ABC staining kit.
Results: In Bruch’s membrane, the α1(IV) and α2(IV) chains were identified in retinal pigment epithelial (10/18 = 55%) and choriocapillaris basement membranes (18/18 = 100%); the α3(IV), α4(IV), and α5(IV) chains were also found in the retinal pigment epithelial basement membrane (13/18 = 72%). In the choroid, the α1(IV) and α2(IV) chains were detected in the blood vessels (18/18=100%). The α6(IV) chain was not identified in any sections.
Conclusion: The heterogeneous distribution of α1–2(IV) and α3–5(IV) in Bruch’s membrane could give insights into the function of this structure in health, ageing, and diseases such as age related macular degeneration.
↵* Current address: Scheie Eye Institute, Philadelphia, PA, USA