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The epidemiology of age related eye diseases in Asia
  1. T Y Wong1,2,
  2. S-C Loon2,3,
  3. S-M Saw2,4
  1. 1Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Australia
  2. 2Singapore Eye Research Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  3. 3Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Singapore
  4. 4Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  1. Correspondence to: Tien Yin Wong MD, PhD, Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, 32 Gisborne Street, Victoria 3002, Australia; twong{at}unimelb.edu.au

Abstract

In the past decade, several large population based studies have provided new information on the prevalence of visual impairment and the major age related eye diseases in Asia. These include epidemiological studies from India, Taiwan, Mongolia, Singapore, and Japan. In particular, the epidemiology of refractive errors and glaucoma has been well characterised, providing insights not only into the public health implications of these conditions, but also into anatomical changes of the eye with ageing. In contrast, there are few well conducted population based studies on diabetic retinopathy and age related macular degeneration in Asia, two conditions that are likely to be important causes of blindness in the future.

  • AMD, age related macular degeneration
  • CURES, Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study
  • DR, diabetic retinopathy
  • LOCS III, Lens Opacity Classification III
  • PACG, primary angle closure glaucoma
  • POAG, primary open angle glaucoma
  • PSC, posterior subcapsular cataract
  • VA, visual acuity
  • epidemiology
  • prevalence
  • visual impairment
  • blindness
  • cataract
  • glaucoma
  • myopia
  • diabetic retinopathy
  • age related maculopathy
  • AMD, age related macular degeneration
  • CURES, Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study
  • DR, diabetic retinopathy
  • LOCS III, Lens Opacity Classification III
  • PACG, primary angle closure glaucoma
  • POAG, primary open angle glaucoma
  • PSC, posterior subcapsular cataract
  • VA, visual acuity
  • epidemiology
  • prevalence
  • visual impairment
  • blindness
  • cataract
  • glaucoma
  • myopia
  • diabetic retinopathy
  • age related maculopathy

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