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Cryptic cerebral visual impairment in children
  1. R S Lowery1,3,
  2. D Atkinson2,
  3. S R Lambert1
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University Atlanta, GA, USA
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Emory University Atlanta, GA, USA
  3. 3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Scott R Lambert Emory Eye Center, 1365B Clifton Road, Suite B4500, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA; slamber{at}emory.edu

Abstract

Aim: To review the medical records of seven children with a delayed diagnosis of cerebral visual impairment.

Methods: The charts of a consecutive series of children examined in a university based ophthalmology clinic with a delayed diagnosis of cerebral visual impairment were reviewed. Their neuroimaging studies were evaluated by a paediatric neuroradiologist.

Results: The seven patients ranged in age from 2 years to 10 years at the time of presentation and had acuities ranging from 20/40 to 20/400. Their visual fields ranged from full visual fields to homonymous hemianopias. Neuroimaging findings ranged from subtle occipital lobe abnormalities to obvious cerebral volume loss.

Conclusions: Cerebral visual impairment can be cryptic in children with mild visual impairment. Neuroimaging studies and visual field testing can help to differentiate this condition from other causes of visual impairment.

  • CVI, cerebral visual impairment
  • ERG, electroretinogram
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • PVL, periventricular leucomalacia
  • VEPs, visually evoked potentials
  • cerebral visual impairment
  • neuroimaging
  • periventricular leucomalacia
  • striate cortex
  • children
  • CVI, cerebral visual impairment
  • ERG, electroretinogram
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • PVL, periventricular leucomalacia
  • VEPs, visually evoked potentials
  • cerebral visual impairment
  • neuroimaging
  • periventricular leucomalacia
  • striate cortex
  • children

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