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An unexpectedly low Stratus optical coherence tomography false-positive rate in the non-nasal quadrants of Asian eyes: indirect evidence of differing retinal nerve fibre layer thickness profiles according to ethnicity
  1. T W Kim1,
  2. T-W Kim1,2,
  3. K H Park1,
  4. D M Kim1
  1. 1
    Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  2. 2
    Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
  1. Dr T-W Kim, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300, Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 463-707, Korea; twkim7{at}snu.ac.kr

Abstract

Aims: To determine the frequency distribution of false-positive Stratus optical coherence tomography (OCT) results of healthy eyes in terms of peripapillary location.

Methods: One eye of each of 137 healthy Korean subjects was included. The false-positive rates (FPRs) relating to retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness parameters were determined.

Results: Of the 12 clock-hour positions, the 2 and 4 o’clock positions showed the highest FPRs of 5.1% and 4.4%, respectively, and 7, 8 and 11 o’clock had the lowest FPRs of 0% at <5% level. At <1% level, 2 and 6 o’clock had an FPR of 0.7%, while the FPR was 0% for all other clock-hours. The FPRs for quadrant thicknesses at <5% level were: 0.7% for temporal; 0% for superior; 5.1% for nasal; and 2.2% for inferior. At <1% level, the inferior showed the highest FPR of 0.7%, and the other three quadrants 0%. According to line graph analysis, the 80–120 test point sections had FPRs of 4.4–6.6%, while the 0–40 and 210–256 sections were 0–0.7% at <5% level. At <1% level, the 40–60, 90–110 and 200–210 sections had 0.7%, 190–200 section 1.5%, and all other sections 0%.

Conclusion: The FPR for the non-nasal region was much lower than expected at <5% level. Given that the current OCT normative database is based on a largely non-Asian population, these findings suggest that RNFL thickness profiles may differ according to ethnicity.

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Footnotes

  • Funding: Supported by a grant from the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Research Fund.

  • Competing interests: None.

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