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Investigating a viral aetiology for keratoconjunctivitis among patients with corneal scrapings positive for microsporidia
  1. Praveen Kumar Balne1,
  2. Savitri Sharma1,
  3. Sujata Das2,
  4. Sarita Kar1,
  5. Srikant K Sahu2,
  6. Aparajita Mallick1
  1. 1Ocular Microbiology Service
  2. 2Cornea Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Savitri Sharma, Director, Laboratory Services—LVPEI-Network, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Patia, Bhubaneswar 751024, Orissa, India; savitri{at}lvpei.org

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Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) occurs worldwide, affects a large number of individuals, is infectious, often seasonal and is usually known to be caused by human adenoviruses (HAdV serotype 4, 8, 19 and 37).1 Regular occurrence of EKC during the rainy seasons in Orissa, a state in eastern India, has been commonly observed by ophthalmologists in the area. However, the outbreaks have never been systematically investigated and the involvement of adenovirus has been taken for granted (personal communication, newspaper reports). In an earlier study, we reported the presence of microsporidial spores in the corneal scrapings of all such patients and for the first time we showed the association of microsporidia with a condition …

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