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Original article
Association of tear proteins with Meibomian gland disease and dry eye symptoms
  1. Louis Tong1,2,3,
  2. Lei Zhou1,4,
  3. Roger W Beuerman1,2,4,
  4. Shao Zhen Zhao5,
  5. Xiao Rong Li5
  1. 1Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore
  2. 2Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore, Singapore
  3. 3Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore
  4. 4Department of Ophthalmology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  5. 5Tianjin Medical University Eye Center, Tianjin, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Roger W Beuerman, Singapore Eye Research Institute, 11 Third Hospital Avenue, Singapore 168751; rwbeuer{at}

Statistics from


Dry eye syndrome is defined as ocular surface dryness and discomfort associated with an abnormal tear film from either tear deficiency or excessive tear evaporation.1 Significant ocular surface damage and visual disability are also common, and it is a healthcare problem that affects millions of people with a prevalence estimated to be as high as …

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