Aim To report the outcome of treatment of localised non-invasive ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) where topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU 1%) is used as an adjuvant to surgical excision.
Methods The study was a prospective non-comparative interventional case series. 55 cases of primary localised OSSN and 10 cases of recurrent localised OSSN were treated with excision, cryotherapy and adjuvant 5-FU 1%. In all cases, irrespective of the involvement of surgical margins, a single cycle of 5-FU 1% was administered, four times a day for 2 weeks continuously. The main outcome measures were (1) recurrence and (2) complications related to adjuvant topical chemotherapy. Individuals were reviewed for a minimum of 12 months.
Results There was a single case of recurrence (1.5%). 57% of patients had short-term complications secondary to 5-FU 1%, most frequently lid toxicity (49%), followed by superficial keratitis, epiphora and corneal epithelial defects. Four patients were unable to complete the course of 5-FU 1% because of local toxicity.
Conclusions The management of localised non-invasive OSSN with adjuvant 5-FU 1% was associated with a low rate of local recurrence. Although 5-FU 1% frequently results in short-term complications, most commonly lid toxicity, a full course is usually tolerated. Serious complications appear uncommon in the treatment of localised disease.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.