Br J Ophthalmol 96:20 doi:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2011-301291
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Roman Ptolemaic instruments

Surgical intervention in the management of diseases afflicting the human race is probably as old as Medicine itself. Ancient Roman medicine had prominent divisions such as Internal Medicine, Ophthalmology and Urology.1 Ancient ‘surgeons’ had access to a variety of instruments that were crafted with elegance and precision. The instruments were made of iron, bronze or a combination of the two metals.2 These instruments were used for a variety of procedures and often had multiple uses. Scalpels, …

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