Aims To evaluate the efficacy of a new lacrimal bypass tube fixation technique to the conjunctiva and caruncle, preventing postoperative displacement of the tube in conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomies (CDCRs).
Methods The authors conducted 52 CDCR procedures by a new tube fixation technique using a 6–0 prolene suture encircling the tube neck (encircling group). The suture was not removed during the follow-up period. Over the same period, the authors carried out 51 CDCRs with tube fixation using a 5–0 vicryl suture with the purse string procedure (purse string group) and 71 conventional CDCRs with tube fixation to the skin using a 6–0 nylon suture (control group). Postoperative complications, including dislodgement and tube length problems, were recorded. The three groups were statistically compared.
Results Among the 52 cases using the new fixation technique, tube malpositions, including extrusions, had developed in only four cases (7.7%) at 12 months after the operation. In the purse string and control groups, the same complications developed in 11 (21.6%) and 22 cases (31.0%), respectively. A statistically significant difference between these groups was detected (p=0.008). Other complications, such as conjunctival granulomas and tube obstruction, developed postoperatively in four cases (8.0%) in the encircling group, and this did not differ significantly from that in the other groups (p=0.193).
Conclusions The authors believe that this encircling fixation procedure can help in CDCRs for maintaining the location and orientation of the tube during the early postoperative period.
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Competing interests None.
Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the institutional review board at the Korea University Guro Hospital.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.