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The relationship between floppy eyelid syndrome and obstructive sleep apnoea
  1. MªJesús Muniesa1,2,
  2. Valentín Huerva1,2,
  3. Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre2,3,
  4. Montserrat Martínez2,3,
  5. Carmen Jurjo1,2,
  6. Ferran Barbé2,3
  1. 1Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, Spain
  2. 2Institut de Recerca Biomèdica de Lleida, Lleida, Spain
  3. 3Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Madrid, Spain
  1. Correspondence to MªJesús Muniesa Royo, Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Avenue Alcalde Rovira Roure,  Lleida 80 25198, Spain; mariajesus.muniesa{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Purpose To determine the prevalence of eyelid hyperlaxity and floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), and the presence of OSA in FES.

Participants One-hundred and fourteen patients who had been consecutively admitted for OSA evaluation and 45 patients with FES in which sleep studies were recorded.

Methods Subjects underwent eyelid laxity measurement, slit-lamp examination and polysomnography.

Results Eighty-nine patients were diagnosed of OSA. Fourteen patients with OSA had FES (16%) and 54/89 (60.67%) had eyelid hyperlaxity. Two of the 25 non-OSA patients had FES (8%) and 8 of 25 (32%) had eyelid hyperlaxity. There was a significantly higher incidence of eyelid hyperlaxity in OSA than in non-OSA patients (p=0.004). Thirty-eight of the 45 patients with FES were diagnosed of OSA (85%) and 65% had severe OSA.

Conclusions OSA might be an independent risk factor for eyelid hyperlaxity and severe OSA is common in patients with FES.

  • Eye Lids

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