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Are practical recommendations practiced? A national multi-centre cross-sectional study on frequency of visual field testing in glaucoma
  1. Simon S M Fung1,
  2. Claire Lemer2,
  3. Richard A Russell3,4,
  4. Rizwan Malik3,
  5. David P Crabb4
  1. 1Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  2. 2Diagnosis Limited, London, UK
  3. 3NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ophthalmology at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust & UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK
  4. 4Division of Optometry & Visual Science, School of Health Sciences, City University, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Professor David P Crabb, Division of Optometry and Visual Science, School of Health Sciences, City University London, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB, UK; David.Crabb.1{at}city.ac.uk

Abstract

Aim To estimate current clinical practice for frequency of visual field (VF) monitoring in glaucoma in England.

Methods A cross-sectional review of all patients with chronic open angle glaucoma (COAG) attending specialist glaucoma clinics at six hospitals in England was performed. The number of VF tests undertaken prior to the study date and during the first 2 years since diagnosis were recorded and compared with European Glaucoma Society (EGS) guidelines for newly-diagnosed patients. Clinician-requested monitoring intervals were compared with intervals from the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines, and the relationships with disease severity, intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma progression status were reviewed.

Results One-hundred and four patients with COAG were included. 73 patients had at least 2 years of follow-up. Median (IQR) total number of VF tests and in the first 2 years of diagnosis were 4 (2–7) and 2 (2–3), respectively. No patients met EGS guidelines, but 87% of patients had their monitoring intervals requested in accordance with NICE guidelines. These intervals were not related to disease severity or VF stability (Kruskal–Wallis test, p=0.25) but shortened significantly when IOP control was inadequate or when the overall clinical impression was disease progression (p<0.001).

Conclusions Most newly-diagnosed COAG patients receive less than three VFs in the first 2 years following diagnosis and an average of 0.7 VF per year over the duration of follow-up.

  • Glaucoma
  • Field of vision
  • Public health

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