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Three-year visual outcome of photodynamic therapy plus intravitreal bevacizumab with or without subtenon triamcinolone acetonide injections for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
  1. Tsutomu Sakai,
  2. Yasuhiro Ohkuma,
  3. Hideo Kohno,
  4. Takaaki Hayashi,
  5. Akira Watanabe,
  6. Hiroshi Tsuneoka
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
  1. Correspondence to Dr Tsutomu Sakai, Department of Ophthalmology, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishishinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-8461, Japan; tstmski@jikei.ac.jp

Abstract

Purpose To compare the 3-year visual outcome after double therapy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and triple therapy of PDT combined with IVB and subtenon triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) injections for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).

Design Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series.

Methods Medical records for 36 eyes in 36 patients (33 men, 3 women; mean age 73.5 years old; range 63–82 years old) with treatment-naive subfoveal PCV were reviewed retrospectively. Of the 36 eyes, 17 were treated with double therapy and 19 with triple therapy.

Results The change in visual acuity after triple therapy was significantly better than that after double therapy (p<0.05). At 36 months, improvement in visual acuity was seen in 5 eyes (29.4%) in the double therapy group and 10 eyes (52.6%) in the triple therapy group. Retreatment using the initial treatment was performed for six eyes (35.3%) in the double therapy group and five eyes (26.3%) in the triple therapy group, and treatment-free period was significantly longer in the triple therapy group (p<0.05). The mean number of additional antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy was higher in the double therapy group. Post-treatment vitreous haemorrhage or retinal pigment epithelium tear occurred only in the double therapy group, in one eye (5.9%) and one eye (5.9%), respectively.

Conclusions Initial therapy consisting of a single session of PDT combined with IVB and STTA improves vision in treatment-naive subfoveal PCV. Compared with double therapy, this triple therapy may be more effective for PCV.

  • Treatment Medical

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