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Paediatric and adolescent elevated conjunctival lesions in the plical area: lymphoma or reactive lymphoid hyperplasia?
  1. Gala Beykin1,
  2. Jacob Pe'er1,
  3. Gail Amir2,
  4. Shahar Frenkel1
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
  2. 2Department of Pathology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
  1. Correspondence to Dr Shahar Frenkel, Department of Ophthalmology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, PO Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel; shahar.frenkel{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Objective To report clinical, histopathological and molecular features of ‘salmon patch’-like conjunctival lesions in paediatric and adolescent patients, and discuss management of these patients and outcome.

Methods Patients who presented between 2000 and 2011 with a conjunctival ‘salmon-patch’-like lesion in the plical area, were identified by chart review. Clinical parameters, demographic characteristics and details of ophthalmic imaging were collected, and the effect of treatment examined.

Results Eleven patients aged 6–21 years, presented with an elevated pink conjunctival mass in the plical area of one or both eyes. Nine patients underwent an excisional biopsy that histopathologically disclosed extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (also termed ‘MALT lymphoma’) in two cases and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) in seven cases. Molecular diagnosis showed polyclonal B cells in six patients, monoclonal B cells in two patients, and a questionable status in one patient. Systemic examination disclosed localised ocular adnexal disease in the patients with MALT lymphoma, and none had either local or systemic recurrence during follow-up. Two other patients were treated with antiallergic medication with resolution of the lesion, and were therefore diagnosed clinically with RLH.

Conclusions It is clinically difficult to differentiate between conjunctival RLH and MALT lymphoma in the paediatric and adolescent population. Both lesions are rare in this age group, particularly MALT lymphoma. Molecular analysis of excised lesions does not always correlate with histopathology. A short treatment course with antiallergic drops may sometimes assist diagnosis without compromising the patients due to the indolent nature of lymphoma in that area.

  • Pathology
  • Conjunctiva
  • Inflammation
  • Neoplasia
  • Treatment Medical

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