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The Effect of Socioeconomic Deprivation on Severity of Glaucoma at Presentation
  1. Wai Siene Ng1,
  2. Pankaj Kumar Agarwal2,
  3. Sikander Sidiki2,
  4. Lorna MacKay2,
  5. John Townend3 and
  6. Augusto Azuara Blanco4
  1. 1 HM Stanley Hospital, United Kingdom;
  2. 2 Gartnavel General Hospital, United Kingdom;
  3. 3 Aberdeen University, United Kingdom;
  4. 4 Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, United Kingdom
  1. * Corresponding author; email: waisiene{at}doctors.org.uk

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the influence of socio-economic factors on severity of glaucoma at presentation.

Methods: All newly diagnosed glaucoma patients at the University Hospitals-NHS, Aberdeen, and South Glasgow University Hospitals-NHS, in 2006, were included. Glaucoma was severe at presentation if there was a repeatable visual field loss with a Mean Deviation index greater than 12 dB in the Humphreys visual fields test or an absolute paracentral scotoma within the central 5 degrees of the visual fields. Home address was used to determine the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) rank. The SIMD rank, demographics and severity of glaucoma at presentation was investigated using general linear modelling.

Results: There were 48 patients with severe glaucoma and 74 patients with non-severe glaucoma. In four the severity could not be determined. Severity of glaucoma at presentation was significantly associated with SIMD rank, being most severe in patients from areas with the lowest ranks (p=0.026). Age was a significant factor (p=0.024) with severe glaucoma being more common in elderly patients.

Conclusions: Age and socio-economic deprivation were associated with severity of glaucoma at presentation, with patients from areas of higher socio-economic deprivation presenting with more advanced glaucoma.

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