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Turnover Rate of Tear Film Lipid Layer Determined by Fluorophotometry
  1. Hiroshi Mochizuki1,
  2. Masakazu Yamada1,
  3. Shin Hatou1,
  4. Kazuo Tsubota2
  1. 1 National Tokyo Medical Center, Japan;
  2. 2 Keio University School of Medicie, Japan
  1. * Corresponding author; email: yamadamasakazu{at}


Purpose: This study was performed to independently assess the turnover rates of aqueous and lipid layers of the tear film.

Methods: Two fluorescent dyes, fluorescein sodium and 5-dodecanoylaminofluorescein (DAF), which is a free fatty acid conjugate of fluorescein, were applied to the right eye of 12 healthy volunteers. Fluorescent intensity of the precorneal tear film was measured at the central cornea every minute for 10 minutes for fluorescein sodium, and every 5 minutes for 50 minutes for DAF. The turnover rate was calculated by plotting fluorescent intensity against time in a semi-log plot and expressed as %/min.

Results: Turnover rates of fluorescein sodium and DAF were 10.3 ± 3.7 %/min and 0.93 ± 0.36 %/min, respectively. The turnover rate of DAF was significantly lower than that of fluorescein sodium (p<0.05, Mann-Whitney test). The turnover rate of DAF positively correlated with that of fluorescein sodium (r = 0.93, p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Our results indicate that the turnover of lipids in tears is much slower than the aqueous flow of tears, and that this lipid turnover is associated with the aqueous flow of tears in healthy adults.

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