Purpose: To study the long-term visual and anatomic outcomes of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) monotherapy for the treatment of patients with retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP).
Methods: Retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed with AMD and RAP lesions, and who received anti-VEGF injections as the only mode of therapy.
Results: 20 eyes (15 patients; 9 women, 6 men) with RAP lesions treated by anti- VEGF were encountered. Mean patient age was 85.8 years (SD ± 4.54). Nine eyes were treated with intravitreal ranibizumab alone, 8 eyes with bevacizumab alone, and 3 eyes received both drugs. At the 1, 3 and 6 month follow-up the median VA had improved from baseline (20/72) to 20/52, (range: 20/25 to 20/400), 20/45 (range: 20/20 to 20/400), and 20/56 (range: 20/20 to 20/400), respectively, (P> 0.001, P= 0.001, and P= 0.05, respectively). At 24 month follow-up, the improvement of VA, defined as halving of the visual angle, occurred in 37.5% of the cases.
Conclusions: Anti-VEGF monotherapy represents a useful treatment option for RAP, with stable or improved visual acuity in 62.5% of patients at 2 years. Although 25% of eyes only required a single injection, in most cases (75%) repeated treatments were required, therefore long-term follow-up is recommended.