Aims To determine the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in the plasma of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy before and after an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab.
Methods Eleven patients with type 2 diabetes and control of 30 non-diabetic patients were studied. The 11 eyes of 11 patients received an injection of bevacizumab (1.25 mg). Samples of blood were collected just before the injection, and after 1 day, 7 days and 1 month. The concentrations of VEGF and PEDF in the plasma were measured by ELISA.
Results The VEGF concentration before the injection was 114.0 pg/ml. It was significantly reduced to 9.7 pg/ml after 1 day, to 11.7 pg/ml after 7 days and to 25.9 pg/ml even after 1 month (p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively). The PEDF concentration before the injection was 7.2 μg/ml. It was significantly reduced to 5.8 μg/ml after 1 day, to 5.8 μg/ml after 7 days and to 6.3 μg/ml after 1 month (p<0.001, p<0.001, p>0.05, respectively).
Conclusions The decreased levels of blood VEGF after an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab indicate that bevacizumab enters the general circulation and may also affect the PEDF levels. Thus, we should carefully examine patients for systemic changes and the fellow eye after an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab.
- Bevacizumab (Avastin)
- diabetic retinopathy
- vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
- pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF)
- experimental and laboratory
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Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the institutional review committee of the Kansai Medical University.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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