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Routine screening of premature infants for the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the most significant advances in paediatric ophthalmology. The UK screening criteria, based on peer-reviewed articles, set the level of screening to catch as many affected babies as possible. Guidelines published by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists state evidence level B for screening all babies less than 31 weeks gestational age (GA) or less than 1251 g birth weight (BW) but as a good practice guide (GPP) to keep screening at 32 weeks or less and below 1501 g.1 The American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines states that infants with a BW less than 1500 g or GA of 32 weeks or less should be screened but also gives flexibility.2
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