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Comparing the ganglion cell complex and retinal nerve fibre layer measurements by Fourier domain OCT to detect glaucoma in high myopia
  1. Na Rae Kim1,
  2. Eun Suk Lee1,
  3. Gong Je Seong1,
  4. Sung Yong Kang2,
  5. Ji Hyun Kim1,
  6. Samin Hong1,
  7. Chan Yun Kim1
  1. 1Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  2. 2Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  1. Correspondence to Dr Chan Yun Kim, Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea; kcyeye{at}yuhs.ac

Abstract

Aim To compare the diagnostic ability to detect glaucomatous changes between peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and the macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) in highly myopic patients using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography.

Methods Participants, consecutively enrolled from January 2009 to June 2009, were imaged with RTVue-100 (NHM4 and MM7 scan). The sensitivity and specificity of a colour code less than 5% (red or yellow) for glaucoma diagnosis were calculated. Area under the receiver operator characteristic (AUROC) curves were generated to assess the ability of each parameter to detect glaucomatous changes.

Results 73 normal controls and 77 glaucoma patients were included. Participants were categorised as 105 non-high myopes (spherical equivalent >−6.0 dioptres) and 45 high myopes (Spherical equivalent ≤−6.0 dioptres). The GCC thickness showed a strong correlation with RNFL thickness (correlation coefficient=0.763, p<0.001) in all participants. The sensitivity from superior GCC colour code was significantly higher than that from superior RNFL (p=0.019). The ability to detect glaucomatous changes in the highly myopic group by examining the average GCC thickness (AUROC, GCC; 0.889) was higher than when examining RNFL thickness (AUROC, RNFL; 0.825); however, there was no statistical significance (p=0.442).

Conclusions The ability to diagnose glaucoma with macular GCC thickness was comparable with that with peripapillary RNFL thickness in high-myopia patients. Macular GCC thickness measurements may be a good alternative or a complementary measurement to RNFL thickness assessment in the clinical evaluation of glaucoma in patients with high myopia.

  • Ganglion cell complex
  • glaucoma
  • high myopia
  • retinal ganglion cell
  • retinal nerve fibre layer
  • spectral-domain OCT
  • time-domain OCT
  • diagnostic tests/investigation
  • Accepted 22 June 2010

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Footnotes

  • Funding This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (No 2009-0076736).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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