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A comparison between 125Iodine brachytherapy and stereotactic radiotherapy in the management of juxtapapillary choroidal melanoma
  1. Hatem Krema1,
  2. Mostafa Heydarian2,
  3. Akbar Beiki-Ardakani2,
  4. Daniel Weisbrod1,
  5. Wei Xu3,
  6. E Rand Simpson1,
  7. Arjun Sahgal4
  1. 1Department of Ocular Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  2. 2Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  3. 3Biostatistics at Princess Margaret Hospital/UHN, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  4. 4Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Hatem Krema, Ocular Oncology Service, Princess Margaret Hospital/UHN, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2M9; htmkrm19{at}yahoo.com

Abstract

Aims To compare the treatment efficacy and radiation complications between 125Iodine brachytherapy and stereotactic radiotherapy in the management of juxtapapillary choroidal melanoma.

Methods Consecutive juxtapapillary melanoma patients treated with radiotherapy were included. Patients were divided into two cohorts: patients treated with 125Iodine brachytherapy and patients with stereotactic radiotherapy. Comparison included the rates postradiotherapy local recurrence, secondary enucleation, metastasis and radiotherapy complications. Kaplan–Meier estimates were used to determine the actuarial rates, and logrank test to compare between the estimates.

Results We included 94 patients with juxtapapillary melanoma treated with radiotherapy. The brachytherapy cohort included 30 patients and stereotactic radiotherapy was 64. The median follow-up was 46 months in both cohorts. No statistically significant differences existed between the two cohorts on comparing pretreatment clinical data and tumour characteristics. On comparing treatment efficacy, the actuarial rates at 50 months for tumour recurrence were 11% and 7% (p=0.61), secondary enucleation was 11% and 21% (p=0.30) and for metastasis were 4% and 16% (p=0.11), respectively. On comparing treatment complications, the actuarial rates at 50 months for cataracts were 62% and 75% (p=0.1), for neovascular glaucoma 8% and 47% (p=0.002), for radiation retinopathy 59% and 89% (p=0.0001), and for radiation papillopathy 39% and 74% (p=0.003), respectively.

Conclusions Both 125Iodine brachytherapy and stereotactic radiotherapy demonstrate comparable efficacy in the management of juxtapapillary choroidal melanoma. However, stereotactic radiotherapy shows statistically significant higher radiation-induced ocular morbidities at 4 years postradiotherapy.

  • Choroid
  • Optic Nerve
  • Neoplasia
  • Treatment Other

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