Aim To investigate whether previous cyclodestructive (eg, cyclophotocoagulation and cyclocryodestruction) procedures have any influence on the general outcome and pressure level after glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery.
Methods Retrospective analysis of 110 consecutive patients who had undergone GDD (Baerveldt 250 mm2 and 350 mm2 implant, AMO, USA) surgery with a minimum follow-up of 3 months. The patients were divided into patients with previous cyclodestructive surgery before GDD surgery (I; 47 patients) and patients without previous cyclodestructive surgery (II; 63 patients). Intraocular pressure (IOP), medication score, best-corrected visual acuity and surgical treatments were recorded before and after drainage device implantation.
Results Patients of group I had a mean preoperative IOP of 32.1 mm Hg and a mean medication score of 4.8; patients of group II had a mean preoperative IOP of 29.2 mm Hg (p=0.18) and a mean medication score of 4.9 (p=0.84). All patients who developed suprachoroidal haemorrhage (six cases) belonged to group I (6/47=12.8%), no patient of group II (0/63=0%) developed suprachoroidal haemorrhage (Fisher's test: p=0.01). Twelve patients developed late-onset (>6 weeks after GDD surgery) hypotony, nine of them belonging to group I (9/47=19.1%) and three of them to group II (3/63=4.8%) (Fisher's test: p=0.03).
Conclusions While taking potential bias arising from the retrospective nature of the study into consideration, a history of previous cyclodestructive procedures before GDD surgery seems to be a major risk factor for suprachoroidal haemorrhage and for late-onset postoperative hypotony.
- Treatment Surgery
- Treatment Lasers
- Intraocular pressure
- Aqueous humour