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Deep sclerectomy versus trabeculectomy: a morphological study with anterior segment optical coherence tomography
  1. Aris Konstantopoulos1,2,
  2. Mohammad E Yadegarfar3,
  3. Ghasem Yadegarfar4,5,
  4. Alina Stinghe1,
  5. Alex Macleod1,
  6. Aby Jacob1,
  7. Parwez Hossain1,2
  1. 1Southampton Eye Unit, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK
  2. 2Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  3. 3Commissioning Department, Wolverhampton Primary Care Trust, Wolverhampton, UK
  4. 4Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK
  5. 5School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  1. Correspondence to Dr Parwez Hossain, Southampton Eye Unit, MP104, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK; p.n.hossain{at}soton.ac.uk

Abstract

Purpose To investigate the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering mechanisms of deep sclerectomy (DS) with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).

Methods In a prospective cross-sectional study, AS-OCT parameters were compared between DS, trabeculectomy and control cases. Association with IOP and success (IOP≤16 mm Hg without medication) was investigated.

Results 18 DS (15 patients), 17 trabeculectomy (16 patients) and 15 controls (15 patients) were examined. Successful had a taller intrascleral lake (IL) and thicker conjunctival/Tenon's layer (CTL) than non-successful cases (513.3 vs 361.1 µm, p=0.027 and 586.7 vs 251.1 µm, p<0.001, respectively). CTL thickness correlated with IOP (r=−0.6407, p=0.004). CTL thickness was significantly different between controls, DS and trabeculectomy (mean (SD): 203.3 (62.6) vs 418.9 (261.9) vs 604.1 (220.7) µm, p<0.0001). Successful trabeculectomy cases had a taller bleb cavity (BC) than non-successful cases (607.5 vs 176.7 µm, p=0.041). CTL microcysts were detected in 50% of DS and 52.9% of trabeculectomy cases (p=1).

Conclusions Trans-conjunctival aqueous percolation was identified as a novel DS drainage route. DS had a fluid reservoir below the scleral flap, the IL, in analogy to the trabeculectomy BC. A postoperative tall IL and a thick CTL were associated with good outcome.

  • Imaging
  • Glaucoma

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