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Increased stroke risk among patients with open-angle glaucoma: a 10-year follow-up cohort study
  1. Tyler Hyungtaek Rim1,
  2. Sang Yeop Lee1,
  3. Hyoung Won Bae1,
  4. Sung Soo Kim1,2,3,
  5. Chan Yun Kim1
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  2. 2Yonsei Healthcare Big Data Based Knowledge Integration System Research Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  3. 3Institute of Convergence Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  1. Correspondence to Sung Soo Kim, Department of Ophthalmology, SeveranceHospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul,Korea ; semekim{at}yuhs.ac and Dr Chan Yun Kim, Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, Korea; kcyeye{at}yuhs.ac

Abstract

Background Although several studies showed the association between stroke and open-angle glaucoma (OAG), there is still lack of longitudinal studies based on large populations. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the risk of stroke after OAG diagnosis over a 10-year follow-up period.

Methods We performed a retrospective nationwide propensity score-matched cohort study. OAG and comparison groups were selected from a large database from the Korean National Health Insurance Service, comprising 1 025 340 random subjects. The OAG group comprised patients with an initial diagnosis of OAG between January 2004 and December 2007 (n=1520), and the comparison group comprised randomly selected patients (five per glaucoma patient; n=7570). Each cohort was tracked until 2013 for stroke development. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was performed to determine possible association

Results OAG was associated with increased stroke incidence (HR=1.20, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.40). Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure, atrial fibrillation, hyperlipidaemia, increasing age and male gender also increased the incidences of stroke. Risk of stroke for patients with OAG was greater in the older age group (≥65 years, HR=1.23, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.47) than in the younger age group (<65 years, HR=1.12, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.46), and greater in males (HR=1.31, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.60) than in females (HR=1.10, 95% CI 0.88 to 1.38).

Conclusions Patients who were diagnosed with OAG were more likely to experience subsequent stroke than comparison group without OAG, and the risk was greater for older adults and males.

  • cerebrovascular accident
  • glaucoma
  • open-angle glaucoma
  • stroke
  • NHIS-NSC 2002-2013

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Footnotes

  • Contributors The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of this manuscript. Conception and design: CYK, SSK. Analysis and interpretation: THR, SYL, HYB, CYK, SSK. Data collection: THR, SYL. Overall responsibility: CYK, SSK.

  • Funding This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea. (grant number : HI14C2756)

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Detail has been removed from this case description/these case descriptions to ensure anonymity. The editors and reviewers have seen the detailed information available and are satisfied that the information backs up the case the authors are making.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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