Objective To assess anterior segment changes, including iridocorneal angle and vault, after toric and non-toric implantable collamer lens (ICL) V4c (STAAR Surgical AG) implantation under different lighting conditions.
Methods Longitudinal, prospective, case series. Patients with high myopia (>6 dioptres) underwent toric and non-toric ICL V4c implantation. Optical coherence tomography measurements were taken under different lighting conditions preoperatively and at 1 week and 1, 6 and 12 months of follow-up.
Results Seventy-six eyes of 42 patients underwent ICL V4c implantation. Mean age was 27.4 years (±5.14 years, range 20 to 39 years). The average iridocorneal angle showed a statistically significant decrease (p<0.05) in all mesopic, scotopic and photopic conditions after 1 week of surgery compared with the preoperative measurements; in mesopic conditions, it decreased 14.1°, in photopic conditions 14.8° and scotopic conditions 13.2°. The angle measurement had a statistically significant change only in mesopic conditions (p=0.01) over the 1-year follow-up. The average vault under mesopic conditions was 0.661±0.21 mm at week 1. The vault measurement change was statistically significant over the 1-year follow-up in mesopic conditions (p=0.01). Refractive results showed a significant improvement in both uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (p<0.001).
Conclusion There is a significant reduction in the iridocorneal angle after ICL V4c implantation. Furthermore, there is a change under mesopic conditions in both the iridocorneal angle and vault during long-term follow-up.
- Anterior Chamber
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Contributors Design of the study: GGD, AOP, JCSO and EOGH. Conduct of the study: GGD, AOP, JCSO and MSSR. Collection and management of the data: GGD, AOP, JCSO and MSSR. Analysis and interpretation of the data: GGD, AOP, JCSO, MSSR, AL, AGB, ARM, AN and EOGH. Preparation of the manuscript: GGD, AOP, JCSO and MSSR. Review and approval of the manuscript: GGD, AOP, JCSO, MSSR, AL, AGB, ARM, AN and EOGH.
Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Detail has been removed from this case description/these case descriptions to ensure anonymity. The editors and reviewers have seen the detailed information available and are satisfied that the information backs up the case the authors are making.
Ethics approval The Institutional Review Boards of Research, Ethics and Biosecurity from The Instituto de Oftalmologia Conde de Valenciana approved the study protocol.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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