Purpose To evaluate the indications, outcomes and complications of Auro keratoprosthesis (a low-cost design based on type I Boston Keratoprosthesis) in the end-stage corneal disease in a preliminary study.
Methods In this prospective interventional study, 10 eyes of 10 patients with an end-stage corneal disease underwent implantation of Auro keratoprosthesis with the mean follow-up of 14.5±2.1 months. The indications included multiple failed grafts (n=7), aphakic bullous keratopathy (n=2) and chemical injury (n=1). The additional intraoperative procedures performed were synechiolysis (n=9), cataractous lens extraction (n=2), Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation (n=1) and vitreoretinal surgery (n=1). Antibiotic prophylaxis was administered postoperatively, and patients were followed up at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month and thereafter at monthly intervals. The main outcome measures were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), retention of prosthesis, complications and need for secondary surgical interventions.
Results The most common indication for keratoprosthesis implantation was graft failure (7/10, 70%). The postoperative BCVA improved to ≥20/200 in six patients. Nine out of 10 patients had retained keratoprosthesis. The complications seen were inflammatory debris behind keratoprosthesis (n=4), retroprosthetic membrane (n=2), glaucoma (n=4), small (<2 mm) sterile stromal necrosis or erosions at the graft edge (n=3) and microbial keratitis (n=1). Explantation of the keratoprosthesis was performed in one eye due to fungal keratitis.
Conclusions Auro keratoprosthesis, a low-cost keratoprosthesis, is a viable option in the end-stage corneal disease in this preliminary study. Multicentre studies with long-term follow-up are required to conclusively prove its safety and efficacy.
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