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Ocular manifestations, complications and management of congenital ichthyoses: a new look
  1. Raman Malhotra1,
  2. Angela Hernández-Martın2,
  3. Vinzenz Oji3
  1. 1 Corneoplastic Unit, Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, UK
  2. 2 Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario Infantil Niño Jesus, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3 Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Münster, Munster, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Mr Raman Malhotra, Corneoplastic Unit, Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead RH19 3DZ, UK; Raman.malhotra1{at}


Congenital ichthyoses (CI) are rare genetic skin keratinisation diseases characterised by generalised scaling and a variable degree of erythema and hyperkeratosis. Ocular involvement includes the eyelids, conjunctiva and all layers of the cornea. Ophthalmic input should include regular slit lamp review with the primary aim to prevent a corneal epithelial defect, secondary bacterial infection, scarring or perforation. This review highlights the current literature regarding ophthalmic findings and management of CI.

  • eye lids
  • eye (globe)
  • ocular surface
  • pathology
  • treatment medical

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  • Contributors Each author confirms: substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content. Final approval of the version published. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.