Background/Aims This study aimed to evaluate blood flow in the choriocapillaris in patients with Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) with CYP4V2 mutations using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and to explore the parameters associated with visual function.
Methods This prospective case-series study included 13 eyes of 13 consecutive patients with BCD with CYP4V2 mutations and 20 healthy eyes. Using OCTA, we obtained en face images of blood flow in the choriocapillaris. The residual choriocapillaris area on en face images in a 10°×10° macular cube was manually measured and graded according to whether the choriocapillaris remained at the subfovea. We also investigated factors associated with visual acuity (VA) and the mean deviation (MD) value using a Humphrey field analyser with a 10–2 Swedish Interactive Threshold Algorithm standard program among OCTA-derived parameters.
Results Choriocapillaris blood flow deficit was observed in 12 eyes (92%), whereas this was observed in none of healthy eyes. The adjusted residual choriocapillaris area was 2.47±1.79 mm2. The presence of the choriocapillaris at the subfovea was significantly correlated with VA and the MD value (P=0.006, r=0.71; P=0.04, r=−0.59, respectively).
Conclusions Using OCTA, choriocapillaris blood flow deficit could be observed in most patients with BCD with CYP4V2 mutations. The presence of the choriocapillaris at the subfovea was significantly correlated with visual function in these patients. Analysis of choriocapillaris blood flow using OCTA allows non-invasive assessment of the patient’s state.
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Funding This work was supported in part by a grant-in-aid for scientific research (number 26861451) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan, and the Innovative Techno-Hub for Integrated Medical Bio-Imaging of the Project for Developing Innovation Systems from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Tokyo, Japan. None of these organisations had any role in the design or conduct of this research.
Ethics approval The ethics committee at Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine (Kyoto, Japan) approved this prospective, observational case-series study.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.