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Incidence, management and outcome of raised intraocular pressure in childhood-onset uveitis at a tertiary referral centre
  1. Shi Zhuan Tan1,2,
  2. Kenneth Yau1,
  3. Laura R Steeples1,2,
  4. Jane Ashworth1,2,
  5. Cecilia Fenerty1,2,
  6. Nicholas Jones1,2
  1. 1 Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK
  2. 2 Centre for Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, Institute of Human Development, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Shi Zhuan Tan, Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester M13 9WL, UK; shizhuan{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Background/aims To investigate the incidence, management and outcome of uveitis and raised intraocular pressure (IOP) in children treated at the Manchester Uveitis Clinic (MUC).

Methods This was a retrospective, observational study of patients who presented with uveitis under the age of 16 to the MUC from July 2002 to June 2016.

Results A total of 320 children were included in the study. Out of these, 55 (17.2%) patients (75 eyes) were found to have raised IOP requiring treatment. The mean age at diagnosis of uveitis and at first recorded raised IOP was 8.2±4.3 and 10.8±3.6 years, respectively. The pre-treatment IOP was 32.3±6.6 mm Hg and the IOP at the final visit was 15.5±3.7 mm Hg (median follow-up period, 43.7 months) on a median number of 0 medications. Twenty-eight eyes (37.3%) required glaucoma drainage surgery, and eight eyes (12.5%) had cyclodiode laser before this. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that 11.5% of eyes required glaucoma surgery at 1 year after diagnosis of raised IOP, increasing to 50.0% by 5 years. The best-corrected visual acuity at diagnosis of uveitis was 0.26±0.42 logMAR, which remained stable at 0.28±0.65 logMAR at final follow-up visit. Four eyes (5.3%) from four patients fulfilled the definition of blindness by the WHO criteria. The mean cup:disc ratio at final follow-up was 0.4.

Conclusion Our cohort of children with raised IOP appeared to have a good outcome overall through aggressive medical and surgical management. Regular long-term follow-up is recommended, and early surgical intervention in eyes with uncontrolled IOP can prevent loss of vision.

  • inflammation
  • glaucoma
  • child health (paediatrics)
  • uveitis
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Footnotes

  • Contributors SZT: data collection and analysis, writing of manuscript. KY: data collection, writing of manuscript. LRS, JA, CF: data analysis, writing of manuscript. NJ: conception of study, writing of manuscript, final approval of manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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