Aims To evaluate the long-term oral mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRa) treatment in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).
Methods Patients with chronic non-resolving CSC (defined as foveal subretinal fluid (SRF) lasting >4 months with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) alterations) treated with MRa only (eplerenone or spironolactone) for at least 6 months were retrospectively included. Clinical and imaging characteristics were recorded during visits at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months.
Results Sixteen eyes of 16 patients were included (mean age 53±11 years; 14 men, 2 women). Mean duration of SRF before treatment initiation was 11.2±19.7 months. MRa treatment was administered during 21.0±5.1 months (range, 10–24 months). There was a progressive improvement of visual acuity (p=0.05), a decrease of foveal SRF height (p=0.011), central macular thickness (p=0.004) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (p=0.002) over 24 months. Changes in SRF were correlated with subfoveal choroidal thickness at 24 months (p=0.006, Spearman r=065). The mean time to complete foveal SRF resolution was 10.5±8.0 months after treatment initiation. At 24 months, foveal SRF resolution was achieved in 13 eyes (81%). Minor side effects occurred in five patients (31%) and resolved after switching between MRa.
Conclusion The visual and anatomical benefit of MRa treatment prolonged for 6 months or more in chronic, non-resolving CSC appeared to be maintained over a 24-month period. These results suggest that MRa can be proposed as an alternative therapy in severe CSC with advanced RPE alterations.
- treatment medical
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MZ and AD contributed equally.
Contributors AD, AM and FB-C were involved in the conception and design of the work. MZ, AD, AM and IM were involved in the acquisition and analysis of data for the work. MZ, AD, AM, IM and FB-C were involved in the interpretation of data. MZ and AD drafted the manuscript. AM, IM and FB-C critically reviewed the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval Ethics Committee of the Swiss Federal Department of Health.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.