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Beyond vision loss: the independent impact of diabetic retinopathy on vision-related quality of life in a Chinese Singaporean population
  1. Eva K Fenwick1,2,
  2. Ryan E K Man1,2,
  3. Alfred Tau Liang Gan1,
  4. Neelam Kumari1,
  5. Charlene Wong1,
  6. Amudha Aravindhan1,
  7. Preeti Gupta1,
  8. Jie Jin Wang1,
  9. Paul Mitchell3,
  10. Tien Yin Wong1,2,4,5,
  11. Ching-Yu Cheng1,2,4,
  12. Ecosse Luc Lamoureux1,2,5
  1. 1 Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore
  2. 2 Duke-NUS Medical School, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  3. 3 The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  4. 4 Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore, Singapore
  5. 5 Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ecosse Luc Lamoureux, Singapore Eye Research Institute (SERI), Singapore 169856, Singapore; ecosse.lamoureux{at}seri.com.sg

Footnotes

  • Contributors EKF and REKM contributed to the conception of the work, interpretation of the data and drafting of the manuscript. EKF and ATLG conducted the data analysis, assisted with interpretation of results and drafted sections of the paper. NK, CW, AA, PG, JJW, PM, TYW and C-YC revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content. ELL contributed to the conception of the work, interpretation of the data and revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content.

  • Funding This study was supported by grants from the National Medical Research Council (STaR/0003/2008), the Singapore Bio Imaging Consortium (C-011/2006) and the Biomedical Research Council (08/1/35/19/550).

  • Disclaimer None of funding organisations had any role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis and interpretation of the data; preparation, review or approval of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was obtained from the Singapore Eye Research Institutional Review Board.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors EKF and REKM contributed to the conception of the work, interpretation of the data and drafting of the manuscript. EKF and ATLG conducted the data analysis, assisted with interpretation of results and drafted sections of the paper. NK, CW, AA, PG, JJW, PM, TYW and C-YC revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content. ELL contributed to the conception of the work, interpretation of the data and revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content.

  • Funding This study was supported by grants from the National Medical Research Council (STaR/0003/2008), the Singapore Bio Imaging Consortium (C-011/2006) and the Biomedical Research Council (08/1/35/19/550).

  • Disclaimer None of funding organisations had any role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis and interpretation of the data; preparation, review or approval of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was obtained from the Singapore Eye Research Institutional Review Board.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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