Background Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is the most common non-pigmented ocular surface malignancy. It is classified as invasive OSNN (IOSSN) when the underlying stroma are infiltrated by dysplastic squamous epithelial cells through the basement membrane. Here, we present the descriptive epidemiology and geographical distribution of IOSSN in Canada.
Methods We determined the incidence and geographical distribution of IOSSN cases diagnosed between 1992 and 2010 using two independent population-based cancer registries: the Canadian Cancer Registry and Le Registre Québécois du Cancer.
Results The mean annual age-standardised incidence rate (WHO 2000–2025) of IOSSN for 1992–2010 was 0.45 cases per million individuals per year with an average annual percent increase in incidence of 4.5%. IOSSN localisation to the conjunctiva was documented in at least 57% of the reported cases. IOSSN exhibited a male predilection ratio of 3.3:1.0 with a mean age at diagnosis of 69 years. Incidence rates of IOSSN across Canadian provinces and cities showed no significant differences from the crude national average.
Conclusions Our results, particularly concerning IOSSN patient age and male predilection, corroborate with data reported from the USA. Additional studies are needed to determine whether the observed increase in incidence rate over the study period (1992–2010) is significant.
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