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Validating the efficacy of the binomial pointwise linear regression method to detect glaucoma progression with multicentral database


Background/aim We previously reported the benefit of applying binomial pointwise linear regression (PLR: binomial PLR) to detect 10–2 glaucomatous visual field (VF) progression. The purpose of the current study was to validate the usefulness of the binomial PLR to detect glaucomatous VF progression in the central 24°.

Methods Series of 15 VFs (Humphrey Field Analyzer 24–2 SITA-standard) from 341 eyes of 233 patients, obtained over 7.9±2.1 years (mean±SD), were investigated. PLR was performed by regressing the total deviation of all test points. VF progression was determined from the VF test points analyses using the binomial test (one side, p<0.025). The time needed to detect VF progression was compared across the binomial PLR, permutation analysis of PLR (PoPLR) and mean total deviation (mTD) trend analysis.

Results The binomial PLR was comparable with PoPLR and mTD trend analyses in the positive predictive value (0.18–0.87), the negative predictive value (0.89–0.95) and the false positive rate (0.057–0.35) to evaluate glaucomatous VF progression. The time to classify progression with binomial PLR (5.8±2.8 years) was significantly shorter than those with mTD trend analysis (6.7±2.8 years) and PoPLR (6.6±2.7 years).

Conclusions The binomial PLR method, which detected glaucomatous VF progression in the central 24° significantly earlier than PoPLR and mTD trend analyses, shows promise for improving our ability to detect visual field progression for clinical management of glaucoma and in clinical trials of new glaucoma therapies.

  • glaucoma
  • field of vision

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