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Refractive change in children with accommodative esotropia
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    Will children with hypermetropia still need glasses when they grow older?
    • Eedy Mezer, Staff Pediatric Ophthalmologist Rambam Health Care Campus; Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    • Other Contributors:
      • Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe, Chairperson, Pediatric Ophthalmologist Unit

    Dear Editor,

    Bonafede et al1 analyzed the change over time in hypermetropia in children from the USA with partially and fully accommodative esotropia. This study complements a previous long-term follow-up multi-center publication on 164 hypermetropic children from USA, Germany, and Israel2. The follow-up was comparable: ages 3.5-10.5 years in the previous article compared to 3-12 years in the current paper. The range of spherical equivalent refractive error in the previous paper was categorized as +1-3Diopters (D) (mild hypermetropes) and +5-8D (high hypermetropes). In contrast, the current study included also moderate hypermetropes, because it involved a group with less than +4D hypermetropes and a group of children with hypermetropia of +4D or more. Esotropia in the previous study was not present in any of the mild hypermetropes but was present in half (48%) of the high hypermetropes. Due to a decrease in hypermetropia over time beyond the age of 6 years old, mild hypermetropes in the previous study were weaned from glasses (-0.095 D/year), while the high hypermetropes remained in glasses (-0.037 D/year). Similarly, because of a mean decrease of -0.17 D/year that occurred only from age 7 to 15 years, subjects in the current study with a “smaller baseline” (i.e., mild) hypermetropia stopped wearing glasses. However, most moderate and high hypermetropes beyond the age of 12 years remained in glasses (-0.18 D/year).

    In conclusion, data derived from both...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.