Aims To study the clinical characteristics of 2000 patients with uveitis admitted to the ophthalmology centre of the Second Hospital of Jilin University.
Methods We retrospectively analysed 2000 patients with uveitis who were admitted to the uveitis clinic of the Second Hospital of Jilin University from July 2010 to June 2019 and analysed data on sex, onset age, onset season, anatomical classification, visual acuity and compared the results with those of other investigation studies.
Results Among 2000 uveitis patients, the mean age of onset was 39.9±14.9 years. There were 946 male patients (47.3%) and 1054 female patients (52.7%). By anatomical classification, panuveitis was the most common (986 cases, 49.3%), followed by anterior uveitis (786 cases, 39.3%), posterior uveitis (119 cases, 6.0%) and intermediate uveitis (109 cases, 5.5%). Among anterior uveitis cases, ankylose spondylitis (207 cases, 26.34%), Fuchs syndrome (74 cases, 9.41%) and viral uveitis (71 cases, 9.03%) were the most common. Among panuveitis cases, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (372 cases, 37.73%), Behcet’s disease (142 cases, 14.40%) and sympathetic ophthalmitis (33 cases, 3.35%) were the most common. Uveitis often occurs during the autumn–winter transition period. The prevalence of anterior uveitis is highest in November, and statistical analysis shows that the incidence of uveitis has a significant correlation with the month. Panuveitis has the most significant effect on vision.
Conclusion Panuveitis and anterior uveitis are the most common anatomical classifications of uveitis, which has a significant impact on vision, and their incidence is related to seasonal changes.
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Contributors LY, BL, XC and DL are responsible for the collection of data. TH is responsible for data analysis and writing. XL is responsible for research design, data analysis, paper modification and submission.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Ethics approval This study met the requirements of the Declaration of Helsinki and received the approval of the Clinical Ethics Committee. In view of this project is a retrospective study, the Ethics Committee approved the exemption of obtaining informed consent from patients.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request; nothing.
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