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Correlation of ocular rigidity with intraocular pressure spike after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab in exudative retinal disease

Abstract

Background/aims To evaluate the non-invasive measurement of ocular rigidity (OR), an important biomechanical property of the eye, as a predictor of intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) intravitreal injection (IVI).

Methods Subjects requiring IVI of anti-VEGF for a pre-existing retinal condition were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study. OR was assessed in 18 eyes of 18 participants by measurement of pulsatile choroidal volume change using video-rate optical coherence tomography, and pulsatile IOP change using dynamic contour tonometry. IOP was measured using Tono-Pen XL before and immediately following the injection and was correlated with OR.

Results The average increase in IOP following IVI was 19±9 mm Hg, with a range of 7–33 mm Hg. The Spearman correlation coefficient between OR and IOP elevation following IVI was 0.796 (p<0.001), showing higher IOP elevation in more rigid eyes. A regression line was also calculated to predict the IOP spike based on the OR coefficient, such that IOP spike=664.17 mm Hg·µL×OR + 4.59 mm Hg.

Conclusion This study shows a strong positive correlation between OR and acute IOP elevation following IVI. These findings indicate that the non-invasive measurement of OR could be an effective tool in identifying patients at risk of IOP spikes following IVI.

  • glaucoma
  • imaging
  • intraocular pressure
  • retina
  • treatment medical

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