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Characteristics of endothelial corneal transplant rejection following immunisation with SARS-CoV-2 messenger RNA vaccine
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  • Published on:
    Re: Characteristics of endothelial corneal transplant rejection following immunisation with SARS-CoV-2 messenger RNA vaccine
    • Julia G Costantini, Medical Student Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
    • Other Contributors:
      • Thomas L Steinemann, Professor of Ophthalmology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
      • Bruce H Koffler, Associate Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Kentucky School of Medicine

    Dear Editor,

    Corneal graft rejection following vaccination was first reported in 1988 by T L Steinemann, B H Koffler and C D Jennings [1]. This article is missing from Table 1, “Summary of reported cases of corneal graft rejection”. As it is the first published study to describe this temporal association, it merits mention.

    In regards to preventative measures, we recommend thoroughly counseling patients with grafts. They should be educated on the salient warning signs of rejection including pain, redness, blurred vision, and irritation. Patients should also be informed that COVID-19 vaccination may pose a risk to the viability of their corneal grafts. We recommend prophylactically increasing topical steroids for 3-4 weeks around the time of each vaccination.

    References
    1. Steinemann TL, Koffler BH, Jennings CD. Corneal allograft rejection following immunization. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Nov 15;106(5):575-8. doi: 10.1016/0002-9394(88)90588-0. PMID: 3056015.

    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.